Easy lifehacks

How do I make an XPath case insensitive?

How do I make an XPath case insensitive?

XPath 2.0 Solutions

  1. Use lower-case(): /html/body//text()[contains(lower-case(.),’ test’)]
  2. Use matches() regex matching with its case-insensitive flag: /html/body//text()[matches(.,’test’, ‘i’)]

Is XPath case sensitive?

Yes. Possible, but not beautiful. This would work for search strings where the alphabet is known beforehand. Add any accented characters you expect to see.

Can we use contains in XPath?

contains() in Selenium is a function within Xpath expression which is used to search for the web elements that contain a particular text. We can extract all the elements that match the given text value using the XPath contains() function throughout the webpage.

Which XPath version does selenium use?

3 Answers. By default, selenium uses the “native” version of XPath that comes with the browser. You can make it use a version that comes with Selenium, written in JavaScript. This seems to implement XPath 1.0, based on glancing at the source.

What is XPath function?

XPath is a major element in the XSLT standard. XPath can be used to navigate through elements and attributes in an XML document. XPath is a syntax for defining parts of an XML document. XPath uses path expressions to navigate in XML documents. XPath contains a library of standard functions.

What is XPath axes in selenium?

XPath axes are those axes that are used to search for the multiple nodes in the XML document from the current node context. These methods are mainly used when the web element is not identified with the help of ID, name, class name, link text, CSS selector and XPath, etc. locators.

What is XPath axes in Selenium?

What are the locators in Selenium?

The different locators in Selenium are as follows:

  • By CSS ID: find_element_by_id.
  • By CSS class name: find_element_by_class_name.
  • By name attribute: find_element_by_name.
  • By DOM structure or xpath: find_element_by_xpath.
  • By link text: find_element_by_link_text.
  • By partial link text: find_element_by_partial_link_text.

What is HTML XPath?

What Is XPath? XPath is defined as XML path. It is a syntax or language for finding any element on the web page using the XML path expression. XPath is used to find the location of any element on a webpage using HTML DOM structure.

Is the match function in XPath 2 case insensitive?

XPath 2 has a lower-case (and upper-case) string function. That’s not quite the same as case-insensitive, but hopefully it will be close enough: If you are using XPath 1, there is a hack using translate. matches () is an XPATH 2.0 function that allows for case-insensitive regex matching. One of the flags is i for case-insensitive matching.

When to use contains ( ) method in XPath?

XPath Contains 1. The main feature of contains () method is that it can find element with partial text. For example, let’s find the… 2. Contains () method can be used in any condition when you need to find XPath.

Can you use translate to lower case XPath contains?

Yes. You can use translate to convert the text you want to match to lower case as follows: If you’re using XPath 2.0 then you can specify a collation as the third argument to contains (). However, collation URIs are not standardized so the details depend on the product that you are using.

Which is easier to find with XPath or substrings?

Such things are much easier to locate with XPath than substrings in the element text. If that’s not an option, you can let JavaScript (or any other host language that you are using to execute XPath) help you with building an dynamic XPath expression:

Author Image
Ruth Doyle