How did the BP oil spill affect Gulf Coast wildlife?
How did the BP oil spill affect Gulf Coast wildlife?
The Center for Biological Diversity estimates that the oil spill killed or harmed approximately 82,000 birds as well as more than 6,000 sea turtles and 25,000 marine mammals, such as various species of dolphins.
How did the BP oil spill affect the geosphere?
Oil drilling might cause oil spills that affect the geosphere, cryosphere, biosphere, atmosphere, but mostly the hydrosphere. Oil spill will contaminate the air in the atmosphere that will cause bad health. The geosphere is also affected by oil drilling because we drill a big hole under the ocean to get oil.
What were the economic impacts of the BP oil spill?
And while long-term damage estimates vary, a new study published in the Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences determined that over seven years, the oil spill could have a $8.7 billion impact on the economy of the Gulf of Mexico including losses in revenue, profit, wages, and close to 22,000 jobs.
How did BP get rid of the oil that was spilled into the Gulf?
Dispersants. Removing spilled oil from the environment is a difficult task. In the case of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, clean-up workers treated the oil with over 1.4 million gallons of various chemical dispersants. Typically such large amounts are sprayed over the open ocean from an airplane or helicopter.
What is the biggest oil spill in history?
The worst oil spill in history, the Gulf War oil spill spewed an estimated 8 million barrels of oil into the Persian Gulf after Iraqi forces opened valves of oil wells and pipelines as they retreated from Kuwait in 1991. The oil slick reached a maximum size of 101 miles by 42 miles and was five inches thick.
What were the effects of the BP oil spill?
Miring in oil and exposure to oiled surface habitat caused significant harm to sea turtles, including decreased mobility, exhaustion, dehydration, overheating, likely decreased ability to feed and evade predators, and death.
How many animals died from BP Oil Spill?
We found that the spill likely harmed or killed about 82,000 birds of 102 species; about 6,165 sea turtles; as many as 25,900 marine mammals; and a vast (but unknown) number of fish — from the great bluefin tuna to our nation’s smallest seahorse — plus oysters, crabs, corals and other creatures.
Is the environment still affected by the BP oil spill?
Studies of the economically valuable spotted seatrout and red drum found that fish in oiled areas showed reduced reproduction, and that even years after the spill, oil remaining in the environment is still toxic to fish larvae. (Read how some fish deformities have been linked to the spill.)
How much did it cost to clean the BP oil spill?
In July 2016, BP announced Deepwater Horizon’s total cost was $61.6 billion dollars. According to Reuters, however, as of September, the British oil and gas company has paid $63.4 billion in legal fees and cleanup costs.
How much did BP pay the survivors?
Under the final consent decree, BP will pay the trustees up to $8.8 billion, the largest recovery of damages ever for injuries to natural resources, to restore the Gulf.
How much was the BP settlement?
On Novem, BP and the US Department of Justice reached a settlement under which BP agreed to pay $4.5 billion in fines and other payments, the largest of its kind in US history.
Is the BP oil spill cleaned up?
By 2018, BP estimated that the spill had cost the company nearly $65 billion in legal fees, settlements, and funds for clean-up and restoration. Although much of the oil was recovered or dispersed in the ocean, the surrounding ecosystems still have not fully recovered. Some may never recover.
What happened to Jimmy Harrell?
Harrell had warned BP bosses that drilling at a depth of 30,000 feet was risky, and there was too much pressure on the drills. But they continued. Mike said: “He was in his room, naked in the shower, when the explosion hit. His entire body was filled with shards of fibreglass when the shower walls exploded.
Is the Deepwater Horizon still leaking oil today?
One oil well off the southeastern coast of Louisiana, owned by Taylor Energy, has been leaking since 2004, spilling between 300 and 700 barrels per day. The well’s reserves could keep it leaking for the next 100 years if it isn’t capped, meaning it will one day eclipse the Deepwater Horizon spill in terms of volume.
Who helped clean up the BP oil spill?
On , BP began documenting the daily response efforts on its web site. On 28 April, the US military joined the cleanup operation. The response increased in scale as the spill volume grew. Initially, BP employed remotely operated underwater vehicles (ROV’s), 700 workers, 4 airplanes, and 32 vessels.
How much oil did BP spill?
In the BP Oil Spill, more than 200 million gallons of crude oil was pumped into the Gulf of Mexico for a total of 87 days, making it the biggest oil spill in U.S. history. 16,000 total miles of coastline have been affected, including the coasts of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida.
How was the BP oil spill stopped?
On J, BP announced that it had successfully plugged the oil leak using a tightly fitted cap. At the time of the stoppage, oil had been leaking continuously into the Gulf of Mexico for 85 days, 16 hours and 25 minutes since the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig exploded on Ap.
Is BP oil still in business?
BP was worth more than $180 billion at the time of the Gulf oil spill and is still one of the largest companies in the world.
Is Shell owned by BP?
It may come as a surprise, but in the UK between 19, BP and Shell were merged in a joint marketing venture known as Shell-Mex and BP.
Who does BP sell oil to?
In Russia, BP owns a 19.75% stake in Rosneft, the world’s largest publicly traded oil and gas company by hydrocarbon reserves and production….BP’s headquarters in St. James’s, Westminster, LondonBrandsAmoco Aral ARCO BP BP Connect CastrolServicesService stationsRevenueUS$282.62 billion (2019)19